Dental Conditions

Click on any of the topics below to learn more:

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is the infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Gum disease is usually painless, and you may not know you have it. That is why it is very dangerous and requires routine check ups for prevention.

Gum disease is caused by plaque, a bacteria that creates toxins, which can damage the gums.

In the early stages of gum disease, known as gingivitis, the gums can become red, swollen and will easily bleed. At this point, the disease is still reversible and can often be eliminated by brushing and flossing.

Periodontitis, a more advanced stage of gum disease, is when the gums and bone that support the teeth can break down and become loose, fall out or may have to be removed by a dentist. Gum disease has been shown to be a factor in cardial and circulatory conditions.

What are the signs of gum disease?

If you notice any of the following signs of gum disease, please contact us immediately to schedule an assessment appointment:

  • Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth
  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • Bad breath that doesn't go away
  • Pus between your teeth and gums Loose teeth
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures

Periodontitis: unremoved, plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As plaque and calculus continue to build up, the gums begin to recede (pull away) from the teeth, and pockets form between the teeth and gums.

Advanced periodontitis: The gums recede farther, destroying more bone and the periodontal ligament. Consequently, even healthy teeth may become loose and need to be extracted.

Tooth Decay

What is Tooth Decay?

Tooth Decay is the destruction of tooth enamel. It is caused when foods with carbohydrates (sugars and starches) such as milk, soda, raisins, cakes or candy are left on the teeth. The bacteria in the mouth thrive on these foods, which produce acids when combined with these types of carbohydrates. Over time, these acids will destroy the tooth enamel, causing tooth decay.

How Do I Prevent Tooth Decay?

  • Brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss in between your teeth daily.
  • Maintain a healthy diet and limit snacking.
  • Consult your dentist regarding supplemental fluoride, and dental sealants which helps strengthen your teeth and prevent teeth decay.
  • Maintain regular check ups with our office for professional cleanings and oral examinations.


What is Plaque?

Many of the foods we eat cause bacteria in the mouth to produce acids. Some examples are candy, cookies, starches, such as bread, crackers, and cereal also cause acids to form. These acid attacks can cause your teeth to decay.

Plaque also produces elements that irritate the gums which can make them red, tender or cause bleeding. After time, the gums can pull away from the teeth causing pockets to form and full with additional bacteria and pus. If the gums are not treated the bone around the teeth can be destroyed. This can cause the teeth to become loose or have to be removed. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss for adults.

One method to prevent tooth decay and gum disease is by maintaining a healthy diet and limiting the number of snacks. If you do snack, try to select nutritious foods such as raw vegetables, plain yogurt, cheese or fruit.

Oral Health Care

The best way to remove decay-causing plaque is by brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day.

Brush your teeth twice a day, with a soft-bristled brush. The size and shape of your brush should fit your mouth, which will allow you to reach all teeth and gums effectively. Be sure to use fluoride toothpaste, which helps protect your teeth from decay.

Cleaning between the teeth once a day with floss or inter-dental cleaners helps remove plaque from between the teeth, which are regions the toothbrush is not as effective. This along with brushing is essential in preventing gum disease.

By regularly cleaning your teeth, maintaining a nutritious diet and scheduling regular visits to our office, you can have a lifetime of healthy teeth.